(Some entries on this page have been duplicates from June 28. See Talk:August_1. The correct dates for such events need to be determined.)
August 1st is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining.
- 1902 - The United States buys the rights to the Panama Canal from France.
- 1907 - First Scout camp opens on Brownsea Island.
- 1909 - United States Army Air Corps founded.
- 1914 - Germany declares war on Russia.
- 1927 - The Nanchang Uprising marks the first significant battle in the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang and Communist Party of China.
- 1936 - The Berlin Olympic Games are opened.
- 1941 - The first Jeep is produced.
- 1943 - PT-109, with Lieutenant John F. Kennedy aboard, sinks.
- 1944 - Anne Frank makes the last entry in her diary.
- 1944 - Warsaw Uprising against the Nazi occupation breaks out in Warsaw, Poland.
- 1950 - King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates.
- 1957 - The United States and Canada form the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD).
- 1960 - Benin declares independence from France
- 1961 - Six Flags Over Texas, the first Six Flags park, opens.
- 1964 - North Vietnam fires on a US destroyer in the Gulf of Tonkin.
- 1965 - President Johnson authorizes the first use of American ground troops in the Vietnam War.
- 1965 - Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands announces her engagement to Claus von Amsberg.
- 1966 - Charles Whitman kills 15 people shooting from a tower at the University of Texas in Austin, in the United States, before being killed by the police.
- 1967 - Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
- 1971 - George Harrison's Concert for Bangladesh in New York features, among others, Bob Dylan, Eric Clapton, Ringo Starr and Leon Russell.
- 1981 - First broadcasts by MTV. The first video played was Video Killed The Radio Star by Buggles.
- 1991 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir accepts a formula for peace talks in the Middle East.
- 1994 - Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley confirm rumours that they had married eleven weeks earlier.
- 1996 - Olympic Games: Michael Johnson wins the 200 meters in 19.32, beating the old world record by over 0.3 seconds.
- 10 BCE - Claudius, Roman emperor (d. 54)
- 126 - Pertinax, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
- 1368 - Sigismund, emperor, king of Hungary and of Bohemia (d. 1437)
- 1476 - Pope Paul IV (d. 1559)
- 1744 - Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, scientist (d. 1829)
- 1770 - William Clark, explorer (d. 1838)
- 1779 - Francis Scott Key, composer of "The Star-Spangled Banner" (d. 1843)
- 1815 - Richard Henry Dana, lawyer, politician, and author (d. 1882)
- 1818 - Maria Mitchell, astronomer (d. 1889)
- 1819 - Herman Melville, writer (d. 1891)
- 1824 - Paul Broca, anthropologist (d. 1880)
- 1858 - Hans Rott, composer (d. 1884)
- 1863 - Gaston Doumergue, politician and president of France (d. 1937)
- 1885 - George de Hevesy, chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in chemistry 1943 (d. 1966)
- 1921 - Jack Kramer, tennis star (d. 2002)
- 1922 - Arthur Hill, actor
- 1925 - Ernst Jandl, writer (d. 2000)
- 1927 - Raymond Leppard, English conductor
- 1930 - Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist (d. 2002)
- 1931 - Tom Wilson, cartoonist (Ziggy)
- 1932 - Meir Kahane, founder of the Jewish Defense League (d. 1990)
- 1933 - Dom DeLuise, actor, comedian
- 1936 - Yves Saint Laurent, fashion designer
- 1937 - Al D'Amato, U.S. senator from New York
- 1942 - Jerry Garcia, guitarist, lyricist, singer (The Grateful Dead) (d. 1995)
- 1942 - Sjoukje Dijkstra, figure skater
- 1950 - Jim Carroll, poet, actor
- 1953 - Robert Cray, singer
- 1956 - Tom Leykis, radio personality
- 1959 - Joe Elliot, rock and roll musician (Def Leppard)
- 1960 - Chuck D, rapper (Public Enemy); Richard Roeper, columnist for Chicago Sun-Times, film critic partner of Roger Ebert
- 1963 - Coolio, rapper
- 1965 - Sam Mendes, film director
- 1973 - Tempestt Bledsoe, actress
- 1981 - Ashley Parker Angel, singer
- 1984 - Alessandra Angleton, twin daughter of Robert Angleton and Doris Angleton
- 1984 - Nicole Angleton, twin daughter of Robert Angleton and Doris Angleton
- It is also recognised that August 1 is the "Horse's Birthday" for every horse, regardless of their actual date of birth.
- 1917 - Frank Little, IWW organizer, lynched in Butte, Montana
- 1923 - Warren G. Harding, United States President (b. 1865)
- 1964 - Johnny Burnett, singer (b. 1934)
- 1970 - Frances Farmer, actress (b. 1913)
- 1973 - Gian Francesco Malipiero, composer
- 1977 - Gary Powers, pilot (b. 1929)
- 1981 - Paddy Chayefsky, writer (b. 1923)
- 1989 - John Ogdon, English pianist (b. 1937)
- 1990 - Graham Young, British serial killer, (b. 1947)
- 1992 - Mikhail Tal, world chess champion (b. 1936)
- 1999 - Nirad C. Chaudhuri, writer (b. 1897)
Holidays and observances
July 31 - August 2 - July 1 - September 1 -- listing of all days
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