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The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ityop'iya, Amharic ኢትዮጵያ) is a country of northeastern Africa. It has one of the most extensive known histories as an independent nation in the continent. Unique among African countries, the Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule throughout the twentieth century, with the exception of the Italian occupation of 19361941. Ethiopia was known by an older name, Abyssinia, until the 20th century.

Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
የኢትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
Flag of Ethiopia
Ethiopia COA

(In Detail) (Full size)
Location of Ethiopia

Official languageAmharic

CapitalAddis Ababa

PresidentGirma Wolde-Giorgis

Prime MinisterMeles Zenawi

 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 26th
1,127,127 km²
Ranked 16th
CurrencyBirr (ETB)
Time zoneUTC +3
National anthemWhedefit Gesgeshi Woude Henate Ethiopia (March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia)

Calling Code251


Main article: History of Ethiopia

In 1974 a pro-Soviet Marxist-Leninist military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile Selassie, who had ruled since 1930, and established a one-party socialist state. The ensuing regime suffered several bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problem. It was eventually defeated in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces under the name Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). In 1994 a constitution was adopted leading to Ethiopia's first multiparty elections in the following year. A border war with Eritrea (a nation which separated from Ethiopia in 1992) erupted in May 1998. This has hurt the nation's economy but since strengthened the ruling coalition.


Main article: Politics of Ethiopia


Main article: Regions of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is divided into 9 ethnically-based administrative regions (astedader akababiwach, singular - astedader akabibi) and 2 chartered cities*:

Addis Ababa*; Afar; Amhara, Benishangul/Gumaz; Dire Dawa*; Gambela; Harar; Oromia; Somali; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region; Tigray; Shewa; Gojjam


Main article: Geography of Ethiopia


Main article: Economy of Ethiopia


Main article: Demographics of Ethiopia


Main article: Culture of Ethiopia

Miscellaneous topics

External links and references


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