Government of Ireland Act 1920
An Act to Provide for the Better Government of Ireland, more usually the Government of Ireland Act, 1920 (its official short title) was the second act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to provide for Irish home rule.
The bills of 1886, 1893 were never passed, and the act of 1914 was almost immediately suspended because of the First World War and then the Easter Rising in 1916, and never came into force. As the fourth attempt to pass a home rule bill, the Act is also known as the Fourth Home Rule Bill.
The Act, introduced by the Government of David Lloyd George, provided for two partitioned Irish home rule states, Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland. Their creation was a compromise produced by the British Government when faced with the demand by Irish nationalists for home rule and the demand of Irish unionists that home rule not be conceded. Each state was to have a two-chamber parliament, a House of Commons and a Senate. Elections in both states for both lower houses took place in May 1921.
Both states were to be linked by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, representing the King, and a Council of Ireland, an embryonic all-Ireland parliament.
The Northern Ireland state came into being in 1921. At its opening, held in Belfast City Hall, King George V made a famous appeal for Anglo-Irish and north–south reconciliation. The speech, drafted by the government of David Lloyd George on recommendations from Jan Smuts, Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa, with the enthusiastic backing of the King, opened the door for formal contact between the British Government and the Republican administration of Eamon de Valera.
The Southern Ireland state never became a reality. Of the 128 MPs elected to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland, all were returned unopposed. The 124 Sinn Féin MPs, calling themselves TDs (Gaelic for Dáil Deputy) assembled as the Second Dáil of the Irish Republic
With only 4 MPs (all Unionists representing graduates of the Irish Universities) and 15 appointed senators turning up for the state opening of parliament in the Royal College of Science in Dublin (now Government Buildings) in June 1921, the parliament was suspended.
The House of Commons of Southern Ireland came back into existence again for a short time under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921, to fulfill two functions. The first was to formally ratify the Treaty, which it did in January 1922 (The Second Dáil, which had authority in nationalist eyes for ratifying the Treaty, did so in December 1921). Secondly, it was required to put in place a Provisional Government, which it did, under General Michael Collins. Collins was then legally installed in office by the Lord Lieutenant, Viscount Fitzalan of Derwent.
The Treaty provided for the ability of Northern Ireland's Parliament, by formal address, to opt out of the new Irish Free State, which it duly did. A Boundary Commission was set up to redraw the border between the new Irish Free State and Northern Ireland. The Council of Ireland never functioned as hoped, as an embryonic all-Ireland parliament.
In 1927, the Vice-President of the Executive Council, Kevin O'Higgins drew up plans to join Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State as an Irish dual monarchy under King George V, who was to be crowned King of Ireland at a public ceremony in the Phoenix Park in the centre of Dublin. However, with O'Higgins' assassination later that year, the coronation plan was dropped.
The act was repealed in the Northern Ireland Act 1998.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License at http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html
You may copy and modify it as long as the entire work (including additions) remains under this license.
You must provide a link to http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html
To view or edit this article at Wikipedia go to http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_of_Ireland_Act_1920
Entertainment Network. A Cyprus
Roussos Music Entertainment Company. All Rights Reserved.
are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. You may copy and
modify it as long as the entire work (including additions) remains under
this license. You must provide a link to http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.
All trademarks and service marks including Napster,
MP3 Player, iRock,
MP3 Player, iRiver,
MP3 Players + iTunes,
Musical Instrument Equipment Store, BMG
Music Service, Columbia
House DVD Club, eBay,
Musical Instruments, Billboard,
Yahoo Search Marketing, MusicMatch,
Music Plus, Billboard
Stone Magazine, Walmart
and Noble book store, CDUniverse,
are property of their respective owners. Music.us has no affiliation with
but offers alternative services. Disclaimer: Uploading or downloading
of copyrighted works without permission or authorization of copyright
holders may be illegal and subject to civil or criminal liability and
penalties. Please buy
music and refrain from any illegal downloading activity. User
submitted free content, including Wikipedia encyclopedia or modification
thereof by end users, do not reflect the views and opinions of Music.us
and are for educational and research development purposes. Our website
offers advanced search for bands and artists bio and albums and browse
options for artist band biographies resources and information. We offer
blogs and community building tools for authors, bands and users. The Music.us
Entertainment Network is web's most comprehensive one-stop shopping, community
networking and education site. Find song lyrics, guitar tablature, posters,
ring tones, free MP3 downloads and hourly updating news feeds on musicians
and any genre style including rock,
and B, blues,
- Site Map
- MP3 - Music Downloads
- Song Lyrics