June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining.
- 1128 - Battle of St.Mamede, near Guimarães. Portuguese forces led by Afonso I beat his mother D.Teresa and D.Fernão Peres de Trava. After this battle, the future king calls himself "Prince of Portugal", the first step towards independence in 1143.
- 1314 - Battle of Bannockburn. Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce beat Edward II of England. Scotland regains its independence.
- 1374 - A sudden outbreak of St. John's Dance causes people in the streets of Aix-la-Chapelle, Prussia, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.
- 1441 - Eton College founded.
- 1497 - John Cabot lands on North America, either at Newfoundland or Cape Breton; first European discovery of the region since the Vikings.
- 1497 - Cornish traitors Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank executed at Tyburn, London
- 1509 - Henry VIII crowned King of England.
- 1534 - Jacques Cartier makes the European discovery of Prince Edward Island.
- 1535 - The Anabaptist state of Münster is conquered and disbanded.
- 1597 - The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reaches Bantam (on Java).
- 1662 - Dutch attempt but fail to capture Macao.
- 1664 - The colony of New Jersey is founded.
- 1692 - Kingston, Jamaica founded.
- 1793 - First republican constitution in France adopted.
- 1812 - Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon's invasion of Russia begins.
- 1859 - Battle of Solferino (Battle of the Three Sovereigns). Sardinia and France defeat Austria in northern Italy.
- 1861 - Tennessee becomes the 11th and last state to secede from the US.
- 1880 - First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.
- 1894 - The IOC decides to hold the Olympic Games every four years.
- 1901 - First exhibition of Pablo Picasso's work opens.
- 1910 - Japan invades Korea.
- 1913 - Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.
- 1915 - The steamer Eastland capsizes in Chicago. 800 people die.
- 1916 - Mary Pickford becomes first film star to get million dollar contract.
- 1918 - First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.
- 1918 - The giant cannon Big Bertha begins bombardments on Paris
- 1932 - A military coup ends the absolute power of the king of Siam (Thailand).
- 1940 - France and Italy sign an armistice.
- 1941 - The Germans capture Vilna, Brest-Litovsk, and Kaunas.
- 1945 - The U.S.S.R. capture the Free Republic of Schwarzenberg.
- 1946 - Georges Bidault becomes Prime Minister of France
- 1947 - First known sighting of UFOs: Kenneth Arnold, flying over Washington, notices nine luminous disks in the form of saucers.
- 1948 - Start of the Berlin Blockade. The Soviet Union makes overland travel between the West with West Berlin impossible.
- 1957 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that obsecnity is not protected by the First Amendment.
- 1963 - Zanzibar is granted internal self-government by the UK.
- 1974 - The UPC label is used for the first time to ring up purchases at a supermarket.
- 1975 - An Eastern Airlines Boeing 727 crashes at John F. Kennedy Airport, New York. 113 people die.
- 1983 - Sally Ride, first female American astronaut, returns to earth.
- 1983 - Yasir Arafat banned from Damascus.
- 1993 - Yale computer science professor Dr. David Gelernter loses the sight in one eye, the hearing in one ear, and part of his right hand after receiving a mailbomb from the Unabomber.
- 1996 - Michael Johnson breaks the world record in the 400 metres with a time of 19.66 seconds
- 1999 - The guitar which Eric Clapton recorded Layla is sold at auction for the astounding price of $497,500.
- 1777 - John Ross, naval officer and explorer (d. 1856)
- 1795 - Ernst Heinrich Weber, anatomist and physiologist (d. 1878)
- 1803 - George James Webb, composer
- 1842 - Ambrose Bierce, author (d. 1914, speculative)
- 1850 - Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, original Order of Merit member (d. 1916)
- 1882 - Carl Diem, sports scientist (d. 1962)
- 1883 - Victor Franz Hess, American physicist
- 1888 - Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (d. 1964)
- 1895 - Jack Dempsey, boxer (d. 1983)
- 1901 - Harry Partch, microtonal composer (d. 1974)
- 1906 - Pierre Fournier, French cellist (d. 1986)
- 1909 - David Rose, composer, musician (d. 1990)
- 1911 - Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentinian race car driver (d. 1995)
- 1915 - Fred Hoyle, cosmologist, science fiction author (d. 2001)
- 1922 - Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer and lyricist (Quartetto Cetra)
- 1928 - Wolfgang Altenburg, German general
- 1930 - Claude Chabrol, film director
- 1931 - Billy Casper, professional golfer
- 1942 - Mick Fleetwood, blues/pop/rock musician (Fleetwood Mac)
- 1942 - Michele Lee, actress
- 1944 - Jeff Beck, rock guitarist ("Yardbirds")
- 1944 - Chris Wood, rock musician
- 1945 - Colin Blunstone, rock musician ("The Zombies")
- 1945 - George Pataki, Governor of New York
- 1946 - Ellison Onizuka, astronaut (d. 1986)
- 1953 - Garry Shider, musician (P Funk)
- 1960 - Trisha Meili, author of I Am the Central Park Jogger
- 1967 - Richard Kruspe-Bernstein, lead guitarist for Rammstein
- 1969 - Sissel Kyrkjebø, Norwegian singer
- 1970 - Glenn Medeiros, Hawaiian singer-songwriter
- 1985 - Matthew Dezendorf, Programmer, actor, and composer
- 1986 - Solange Knowles, actress, singer
- 1908 - Grover Cleveland, former president of the USA (heart failure)
- 1922 - Walther Rathenau, minister of Foreign Affairs for the Weimar Republic (b. 1867, assassinated)
- 1947 - Emil Seidel, politician, mayor of Milwaukee, Socialist vice-presidential candidate
- 1953 - George Herbert Walker, grandfather to President George H. W. Bush
- 1987 - Jackie Gleason, actor, musician
- 1993 - Archie Williams, American athlete
Holidays and observances
June 23 - June 25 - May 24 - July 24 -- listing of all days
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