A street stall for the all United in the Olive Tree coalition, during campaigning for the European Parliament elections 2004, seen in Como, Italy. Note that the poster shows Romano Prodi and roundels (party electoral/ballot logos) for each of the constituent parties in the coalition.
Olive Tree (Italian: l'Ulivo) is a political denomination strongly related to Third Way policies in Italy and commonly adopted by center-to-left alliances of parties from 1996 to now. The name was introduced by Romano Prodi, professor of economics and former left-wing Christian Democrat.
Olive Tree - together for Italy
l'Ulivo - insieme per l'Italia
The Olive Tree - together for Italy (Italian: l'Ulivo - insieme per l'Italia) was a coalition of left-wing and centrist political parties in Italy. In April 21 1996, the Olive Tree won general elections in alliance with the Communist Refoundation Party, making Romano Prodi Prime Minister of Italy. In October 9 1998, the Romano Prodi (1st Time) administration fell when the Communist Refoundation Party left the alliance. In October 21 1998 the Olive Tree was the core of the Massimo D'Alema (1st Time) administration, in December 22 1999 of the Massimo D'Alema (2nd Time) administration and in April 25 2000 of the Giuliano Amato (2nd Time) administration. In May 13 2001, led by Francesco Rutelli, the coalition lost the general elections against Silvio Berlusconi and his renewed center-to-right coalition, the House of Freedoms (Italian: Casa delle Libertą).
All United in the Olive Tree
In June 12 2004 the Olive Tree, as all united in the Olive Tree - for Europe (Italian: uniti nell'Ulivo - per l'Europa), ran in European Parliament Elections 2004 gaining 31,1% of popular votes. Only 3 out of 8 former Olive Tree affiliate parties participated the coalition.
Olive Tree Federation
In September 13 2004 the Olive Tree became the Olive Tree Federation (Italian: Federazione dell'Ulivo), a more strict alliance of only 3 out of 8 former affiliate parties.
The Olive Tree Federation is led by Romano Prodi and aims to be the core of a greater center-left coalition, temporary named Great Democratic Alliance (Italian: Grande Alleanza Democratica), in order to run for the 2006 general elections and defeat Silvio Berlusconi and the House of Freedoms. Current member parties of the federation are:
List of political parties in Italy
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